CollectionThe papers of Princess Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg
ReferenceGEO/ADD/11
TitlePapers of Princess Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg, 1780-1840
Date1780-1840
DescriptionThjs collection has been catalogued as follows:

1. Correspondence of Princess Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg, 1780-1840
2. Books and writings of Princess Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg, [c.1829-1840]
LanguageEnglish
French
German
Extent2 volumes, 486 documents
LevelCollection
Admin HistoryPrincess Elizabeth was born at Buckingham House on 22 May 1770 to become the seventh child and third daughter of George III and Queen Charlotte. Christened at St. James's Palace on 17 June 1770, she went on to have a notoriously sheltered upbringing alongside her sisters. Although Princess Elizabeth and her sisters longed for marriage, in 1808 she was compelled to decline a proposal from Louis Philippe, Duke of Orleans, due to her mother's disapproval and the fact that he was a Catholic. It would be ten more years before her long held desire for marriage was fulfilled on 7 April 1818, when she wed Frederick, Hereditary Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (1769-1829) at Buckingham House, and she could finally leave the oppressive environment of her familial home and gain more freedom. In January 1820, after the death of his father, Frederick became the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, with Elizabeth inheriting the title of Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg. They lived in the Palace at Homburg and remained married, in a supposedly happy union, until Frederick's death in 1829, but marrying later in life their union was without issue. Elizabeth died on 10 January 1840 at Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, and was interred in the Landgraves' of Homburg Mausoleum on the 17 January the same year.
Princess Elizabeth had been a charitable woman, founding a school in Hanover, and, in common with her father, possessed an interest in farming and had her own model farm in Old Windsor. She was also a talented artist, producing a book of her own engravings.
Custodial HistoryThe majority of these records are believed to have been part of the original acquisition from Apsley House in 1912. See Sub-series and File levels for alternative custodial history.
ArrangementThis collection artificially amalgamates the papers of Princess Elizabeth, as the original and administrative order of the majority of records within this collection are unknown.
Two Series have been created to distinguish between correspondence and other documents within the collection. Reference GEO/ADD/11/287 is not in use
For further arrangement details see the relevant Series entries.
Catalogued skeletally to File level Summer/Autumn 2020.
Related MaterialFor letters from Princess Elizabeth to George IV, see also George IV Calendar.
RepositoryRoyal Archives
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